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11 European Digital Nomad Visas for 2023

Digital Nomad Visa Europe

Do you want to live and work in Europe? It may be easier than you think. More and more countries are introducing digital nomad visas for those who want to live abroad and bring their remote job with them.

woman smiling while working on her laptop

Digital nomad visas are similar to other visas in that they allow you to stay in a country for an extended period of time. These visas have been designed for remote workers who are location-independent (i.e. they can live anywhere they want). Digital nomad visas allow a person to move to a country without needing to secure a job because you already have one that you can take abroad.

If you are looking to move to across the Atlantic, everything that you need to know about obtaining a digital nomad visa in Europe is going to be covered here.

What is a digital nomad visa?

A digital nomad visa lies somewhere between a tourist visa and a long-stay visa. Many countries allow US citizens to enter for up to 90-days as a tourist, no visa paper work required. However, to remain in a foreign country for an extended amount of time you typically need to apply for a residency or work visa which can be difficult to obtain. 

While applying for a digital nomad visas require some paperwork, it’s usually a lighter administrative lift and much quicker to obtain than a residency or work visa. In order to qualify for a digital nomad visa, the main requirement is that you derive most of your income from online work as a remote employee, freelancer, or business owner. While digital nomad visas aren’t typically a solution to permanently relocating abroad, you can move to the visa issuing country with ease, for a period of time, generally around a year (but it could be longer!). 

Getting your hands on a digital nomad visa in Europe is probably one of the easiest ways for an American to start living within Europe. Many people want to move to Europe but are unable to find work because getting a work visa in Europe for US citizen is no easy feat. This is because many countries in Europe abide by European Union legislation where companies have to do a labor market test, which means they have to search for employees from within the EU before they look elsewhere.

This means that while it may be possible for some to get a working visa, especially in countries like Ireland if you are a highly-skilled individual, for most people it can feel close to impossible.

plaza de espana seville spain

A digital nomad visa in Europe will allow you to continue working remotely while living overseas—given that you meet a few conditions. These conditions will vary by countries but typically you have to meet insurance and income requirements. We will talk about those a little later on. For now, all you really need to know is that a digital nomad visa may be possible to obtain if you work online.

Be sure to check with your employer first to ensure they allow employees to work from a foreign country as many have valid reasons for not letting your work abroad when you work remotely. 

Is it hard to get an EU digital nomad visa?

Right off the bat, we want to make one thing clear; there is no such thing as an EU digital nomad visa. In fact, a few of the countries that we discuss later on are not actually members of the EU. This is because the EU has absolutely no options to let non-EU citizens work in EU countries.

All digital nomad visas in Europe are for a specific country. Which means you can only reside in the visa-issuing country. You may be able to travel between countries (to some extent) with a digital nomad visa, but you will always need to pay attention to the rules of whichever country you are heading to. Some may not allow you to do work while you are there, online or otherwise.

Back to the matter at hand. It isn’t as hard as you may think to get a digital nomad visa in Europe. In fact, outside of a tourist visa, it is going to be one of the easiest visas to obtain. How each country grants their visas will be up to them, but it will normally require the following:

  • Proof of income. This normally ranges from $2,000 to $7,000 a month, minimum.
  • Proof of employment or proof that you own a company.
  • Private health insurance (you won’t be covered under the national healthcare system of the visa-issuing country).

This means that, for most people who work remotely, obtaining a digital nomad visa in Europe should be a breeze. Another perk is that most digital nomad visas applications can be processed in less than a month (work and residency visas can often take multiple months to process.)

Digital nomad visa in Europe

Many countries in Europe offer a digital nomad visa and new ones are popping up each year (the Italian digital nomad visa may be launched in 2023)! It’s is a great way for countries to draw in those who can contribute to their economy. Here are the 11 digital nomad visas in Europe that are available right now!

Portugal digital nomad visa

Portugal is more than just a little bit like Spain. Sure, it boasts the sun and beautiful beaches, but it is very much a gem of its own. Overlooking the Atlantic Ocean, Portugal’s early history was as a naval power. This is noticeable in the architecture and cuisine the country offers. Whether you move to the shores of the Algarve or the stunning ancient city of Lisbon, you’ll easily understand why so many Americans are moving to Portugal!

As an alternative to Portugal’s D7 visa (retirement/non-lucrative visa), the country launched its digital nomad visa in October 2022. Income requirements are €2,800 a month, with additional requirements of an employment contract and private health insurance. This digital nomad visa is issued for one year and can be renewed. 

For more information about this visa and details on 50+ other visa options for moving to Europe (including Portugal and 17 other countries) check out our digital guide I’m Outta Here! An American’s Ultimate Visa Guide to Living in Europe.

Spain digital nomad visa

Spain brings to mind images of tapas, warm beaches and siestas—which is not far from the truth. It’s a country where people live life outdoors, people are social and like to be together in  neighborhood plazas, bars,  and restaurant terrazas into the wee hours. Its rich culture and history has been shaped by the many civilizations that have invaded and lived in Spain over the years. If you choose Spain, you’ll be endlessly fascinated with your new home and join roughly 35,000 other Americans living in Spain

Spain’s digital nomad visa is the newest one on this list. It was officially approved and  signed into law in December 2022. The final details are still being ironed out and the application is not yet open, however, from what we know some of the requirements include:

  • A degree or at least 3 years of professional work experience

  • Work remotely for the past year

  • A work contract
  • Income requirements of at least €2,000 a month. 

Croatia digital nomad visa

Nestled between Central and Southeastern Europe, Croatia is one of the most stunning countries and coastlines in Europe. While it may be small, the landscape is varied. You have snow-capped mountains, shimmering lakes in the midst of valleys, and countless national parks. There is no shortage of historical cities and sites, many of which overlook the Adriatic Sea, including Dubrovnik, one of the most-visited cities in Europe.

Owing to Croatia’s history, this was one of the cheapest places to live on the continent—but not for long as Croatia has recently joined Schengen Zone.

croatia aerial view

Croatia’s digital nomad visa was launched in January 2021 and is issued for 6 months to a year at a time. While it can’t be renewed, you can leave the country and reapply six months after your initial permit expires. 

Visa requirements include monthly earnings of at least $2,500 a month from a non-Croatian employer,  private health coverage, a clear criminal record, and proof of accommodation. One of the cool things about this visa is that you can bring dependents with you. 

Greece digital nomad visa

If Greece conjures up images of ancient civilizations and white-washed seaside villages, then you’re not alone. A popular spot for honeymooners and history buffs alike, Greece might not be the first place you think of to actually live, but if you’re looking for a warm climate, decent cost of living and plenty of character, then give Greece a shot—plenty of Americans are living in Greece already!

Greece introduced its digital nomad visa in September 2021. This visa has a higher income requirement than some other European visa countries, €3,500 per month. Additional requirements are a letter of intent, proof of income from a non-Greek source, health insurance, and a clean criminal record. You must also secure accommodation before you move to Greece but this can be temporary accommodation. The visa is issued for one year with the opportunity to renew for another 12 months. 

Estonia digital nomad visa

If you want to live somewhere in northern Europe but don’t fancy Scandinavian prices, then Estonia may be a great option. This Baltic state is one of Europe’s greenest countries, with sweeping forests and upwards of 2,000 islands. Estonia borders Latvia and Russia, but its language and culture are said to be closely related to its northern neighbor, Finland.  

And did you know that Estonia is OG of digital nomad visas? It was the first country in the world to launch this type of visa. 

tallin estonia snow on rooftops

In order to qualify for an Estonian digital nomad visa, you must be a remote employee, freelancer or business owner. You’ll need to earn at least €3,500 a month, and show proof of income for the last six months. Like other digital nomad visas you must provide a work contract or proof of self-employment, private health insurance, and as well as proof of accommodation. This visa lasts for one year and can be extended for another six months.  

Georgia digital nomad visa

Not that Georgia—the country Georgia! This small nation at the crossroads of Europe and Asia couldn’t be more different from the U.S. state, but one thing they do have in common is that you can enter both without a visa! Yep, you read that right. Remote workers are welcome in Georgia under a visa-free entry scheme. All you have to do is show up and stay for a year, no paperwork needed. 

If you need any more reason to move to Georgia, this underrated Eastern European country is known for its natural beauty, warm hospitality, and the birthplace of wine. UNESCO has listed the country’s 8,000-year-old wine-making process as a notable piece of cultural heritage.

Located at the eastern end of the Black Sea, Georgia is home to rocky beaches, sweeping forests and the highest mountain range in Europe, which makes it a great destination for outdoor activities. If that’s not your thing, you’ll find plenty of rich culture, monasteries, architecture and fusion cuisine to explore—all with a very affordable cost of living.

Hungary digital nomad visa

Nestled in the heart of Central Europe, Hungary is one of the oldest countries in the region–older than both France and Germany! It’s roughly the size of Indiana and is surrounded by countries of Slavic and Germanic culture. However, Magyarország, as Hungarians refer to their homeland, is uniquely itself—from the thousands of natural hot springs to healing spa cities to rich musical traditions and an obsession with paprika.

To get your hands on a Hungarian digital nomad visa, you will need to have a monthly income of €2,000 and prove that you work remotely or are self-employed for a company located outside of Hungary. Additional requirements include private health insurance and accommodation. This digital nomad visa lasts for one year, but it can be extended for an additional year.

Malta digital nomad visa

Located in southern Europe where the sun shines year round, the tiny island nation of Malta—it’s 2.5 times smaller than New York City—has plenty to offer.  Its stunning coastline is dotted with breathtaking cliffs, impeccable views and ancient buildings. And its desirable climate makes it a hotspot for digital nomads looking for beautiful beaches and outdoor activities from hiking to diving.

St. Paul Cathedral in medieval city Mdina,Malta

Malta launched its digital nomad visa in June 2021. To qualify you need a monthly income of €2,700. Like the other visas, you must be a remote worker for an employer located outside of Malta, a freelancer, or self-employed.

Typical digital nomad requirements apply such as proof of income and accommodation as well as a a health report to show that you do not have any health conditions that may place a strain on Maltese healthcare services. This visa is issued for one year and can be renewed. 

Latvia digital nomad visa

Sprawling green forests and huge beaches dominate the landscape of Latvia. The Ancient city of Riga is the largest city in the Baltics and its colorful blend of medieval, Art Nouveau, and 19th century wooden buildings have made its Old Town a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 

To live in Latvia on their digital nomad visa you must provide proof of employment and earnings of €2,857.50 a month derived from an employer or business located in an OECD member country (the US is a member). An additional requirement is private health insurance. This visa is granted one year, with the option to extend for an additional year.

Iceland digital nomad visa

Iceland: the Land of Fire and Ice. It’s one of the most sparsely-populated countries in Europe and a great choice for those who love the cold! Glaciers and vast expanses of ice dominate the landscape, although it does get a bit greener in the summer.

There aren’t many Americans living in Iceland because it’s a difficult country to move to. However, if you’re a remote worker you might be able to call it home for a bit but you will need to meet a much higher income threshold. For a single person, you’ll need to provide proof of income of $7,700 per month. This is in addition to a clean criminal record and private health insurance. Unfortunately this visa is only issued for 6 months and it cannot be renewed. 

Norway digital nomad visa

Norway is arguably one of the most beautiful countries in the world. Its natural beauty spans from rugged mountainous, to majestic fjords and glaciers to natural phenomena like the elusive northern lights. Much of the country resides in the capital city of Oslo, a diverse city with a cool factor…and high prices!

Reine, Norway

While Norway may be expensive, the digital nomad visa income requirements are not too bad; you’ll need to a minimum annual income of €35,719 as a freelancer. However, the catch is that you need at least one Norwegian client to qualify for this visa. Other requirements are proof of private health coverage and accommodation. The Norway digital nomad visa is issued for two years.

Europe digital nomad visa

We hope that this list of digital nomad visas in Europe has given you some food for thought. If you are a remote worker, freelancer or self-employed in the US, it’s great to know that you have routes to work in Europe…and those routes are easier to follow than you may think.

Look over this list of countries again and check our our visa guide to living in Europe for even more options. You never know, you could be moving to Europe in no time at all!

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